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Journal Articles Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Year : 2023

Phylogenomic evolutionary insights in the fern family Gleicheniaceae

Lucas Vieira Lima
  • Function : Author
Alexandre Salino
  • Function : Author
Michael Kessler
  • Function : Author
Weston Testo
  • Function : Author
Caio Suzart Argolo
  • Function : Author
Goflag Consortium
  • Function : Author
Thaís Elias Almeida
  • Function : Author


The pantropical fern family Gleicheniaceae comprises approximately 157 species. Seven genera are currently recognized in the family, although their monophyly is still uncertain due to low sampling in phylogenetic studies. We examined the monophyly of the genera through extended sampling, using the first phylogenomic inference of the family including data from both nuclear and plastid genomes. Seventy-six samples were sequenced (70 Gleicheniaceae species and six outgroups) using high throughput sequencing, including all seven currently recognized genera. Plastid and nuclear data were recovered and assembled; the nuclear data was phased to reduce paralogy as well as hybrid noise in the final recovered topology. Maximum likelihood trees were built for each locus, and a concatenated dataset was built for both datasets. A species tree based on a multispecies coalescent model was generated, and divergence time analyses performed. We here present the first genomic phylogenetic inferences concerning Gleicheniaceae, confirming the monophyly of most genera except Sticherus, which we recovered as paraphyletic. Although most of the extant genera of Gleicheniaceae originated during the Mesozoic, several genera show Neogene and even Quaternary diversifications, and our results suggest that reticulation and polyploidy may have played significant roles during this diversification. However, some genera, such as Rouxopteris and Stromatopteris, appear to represent evolutionary relicts.
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Dates and versions

mnhn-04082567 , version 1 (26-04-2023)



Lucas Vieira Lima, Alexandre Salino, Michael Kessler, Germinal Rouhan, Weston Testo, et al.. Phylogenomic evolutionary insights in the fern family Gleicheniaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2023, 184, pp.107782. ⟨10.1016/j.ympev.2023.107782⟩. ⟨mnhn-04082567⟩
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