Abdominal serial homologues of wings in Paleozoic insects - MNHN - Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Biology - CB Year : 2022

Abdominal serial homologues of wings in Paleozoic insects

Jakub Prokop
Kateřina Rosová
  • Function : Author
Ewa Krzemińska
  • Function : Author
Wiesław Krzemiński
  • Function : Author
André Nel
Michael Engel

Abstract

The Late Paleozoic acquisition of wings in insects represents one of the key steps in arthropod evolution. While the origin of wings has been a contentious matter for nearly two centuries, recent evolutionary developmental studies suggest either the participation of both tergal and pleural tissues in the formation of wings1 or wings originated from exites of the most proximal leg podite incorporated into the insect body wall.2 The so-called “dual hypothesis” for wing origins finds support from studies of embryology, evo-devo, and genomics, although the degree of the presumed contribution from tergal and pleural tissues differ.3, 4, 5, 6 Ohde et al.,7 confirmed a major role for tergal tissue in the formation of the cricket wing and suggested that “wings evolved from the pre-existing lateral terga of a wingless insect ancestor.” Additional work has focused on identifying partial serially homologous structures of wings on the prothorax8,9 and abdominal segments.10 Thus, several studies have suggested that the prothoracic horns in scarab beetles,9 gin traps of tenebrionid and scarab beetle pupae,11,12 or abdominal tracheal gills of mayfly larvae1,13 evolved from serial homologues of wings. Here, we present critical information from abdominal lateral outgrowths (flaps) of Paleozoic palaeodictyopteran larvae, which show comparable structure to thoracic wings, consisting of cordate lateral outgrowths antero-basally hinged by muscle attachments. These flaps therefore most likely represent wing serial homologues. The presence of these paired outgrowths on abdominal segments I–IX in early diverging Pterygota likely corresponds to crustacean epipods14,15 and resembles a hypothesized ancestral body plan of a “protopterygote” model.
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mnhn-04038968 , version 1 (21-03-2023)

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Jakub Prokop, Kateřina Rosová, Ewa Krzemińska, Wiesław Krzemiński, André Nel, et al.. Abdominal serial homologues of wings in Paleozoic insects. Current Biology - CB, 2022, 32 (15), pp.3414-3422.e1. ⟨10.1016/j.cub.2022.06.024⟩. ⟨mnhn-04038968⟩
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